A “type” in Taekwondo is a choreographed collection of moves, which can be done with or without having a weapon, for the reason of interval cardio coaching and the advancement of appropriate mental and actual physical strategy. They are more akin to workout and conditioning than overcome, whilst also exhibiting the creative options of Taekwondo. In competitions, Taekwondo kinds are judged by a panel of judges, who examine the Taekwondo kinds centered on conditions these as electricity, precision, control, and speed.
Taekwondo varieties are provided unique Korean names dependent on the firm of the respective dojo.
In unaffiliated, Regular Taekwondo, sorts are known as Hyeong.
In ATA (American Taekwondo Association) and WTF (Globe Taekwondo Federation), sorts are identified as Poomsae.
In ITF (International Taekwondo Federation) design, varieties are known as Teul.
Kinds of Taekwondo Varieties
Traditional Taekwondo: Mainly because Traditional Taekwondo is unaffiliated and as a result non-standardized, its collection of kinds is a large amalgamation from frequently widely differing schools. There are no “typical” kinds for Common Taekwondo.
ITF Taekwondo Kinds: There are 24 ITF Taekwondo kinds, (Teul), made primarily in the 1960s. ITF Taekwondo signifies the 1st try to unify and standardize the martial art.
ITF White Belts do not do types, but somewhat straightforward routines. As learners go up in Taekwondo belts, the varieties get significantly complicated.
In growing belt order, the ITF Taekwondo Forms are:
Chon Ji – Implies “Heaven-Light”, referring to the commencing of the world, and is suitable for a beginner coming into the world of Taekwondo.
Dan-Gun – Named following the founder of the 1st kingdom of Korea in 2333 BCE. Of course, he’s the grandson of the god of Heaven.
Do-San – Named after Ahn Chang-Ho, whose pen-identify was Dosan, a popular Korean independence activist and chief of the Korean-American immigrant local community in the US.
Gained-Hyo – Named soon after the important thinker and writer in Korean Buddhist tradition.
Yul-Gok – Named just after the wonderful Korean philosopher Yi I (Yul-Gok was his pseudonym), referred to as the Confucius of Korea, who theorized about Chi staying the controlling agent of the Universe.
Joong-Gun – Named right after the Korean patriot who assassinated the Primary Minister of Japan.
Toi-Gye – Named just after the Yi-Hwang, the authoritative Korean Noe-Confucian scholar.
Hwa-Rang – Named following the group of scholar-warriors renowned in the custom of the Korean armed forces.
Choong-Moo – Named after the undefeated Korean admiral Yi Soon-Sin, who saved Korea from collapse because of to Japanese invasion in 1592.
ITF Taekwondo Black Belt Types
Kwang-Gae – Named immediately after the 4th century king of Korea, who expanded the nation’s empire.
Po-Eun – Named just after the 14th century Korean poet, scientist, and community servant Chong Mong Chu.
Gae-Baek – Named immediately after the 7th century Korean general, remembered for his courageous previous stand against overwhelming odds.
Eui-Am – Named right after the pseudonym of the 20th century chief of Korean independence Son Byong-Hello.
Choong-Jang – Named after a 14th century Korean general.
Juche – Named immediately after the philosophical notion that guy is the master of his future.
Sam-Il – Literally translating to March 1st, referring to the 1919 date of the Korean Independence Movement.
Yoo-Sin – Named soon after the 7th century Korean standard, well-known for encouraging unify the country.
Choi-Yong – Named immediately after the 14 century Korean normal.
Yon-Gae – Named immediately after the 7th century Korean normal.
Ul-Ji – Named soon after the 7th century Korean standard who repelled an invasion of virtually a million adult males.
Moon-Moo – Named immediately after the 7th century Korean king.
So-San – Named immediately after the great 16th century Korean monk who helped manage a drive to repel Japanese pirates.
Se-Jong – Named after the 15th century Korean king, who assisted build the Hangul alphabet.
Tong-Il – Denotes the eventual reunification of Korea, divided considering that 1945.
ATA Taekwondo Forms: The ATA and its sorts (poomsae) had been developed contemporaneously with the ITF, but have a tendency to entail much more kicks.
Colour Belt ATA Taekwondo Varieties (poomsae):
Songahm 1 – 18 moves
Songahm 2 – 23 moves
Songahm 3 – 28 moves
Songahm 4 – 31 moves
Songahm 5 – 34 moves
In Wha 1 – 44 moves
In Wha 2 – 42 moves
Choong-Jung 1 – 44 moves
Choong-Jung 2 – 46 moves
ATA Taekwondo Black Belt Sorts (poomsae):
Shim Jun – 1st Dan, 81 moves
Jung Yul – 2nd Dan, 82 moves
Chung San – 3rd Dan, 83 moves
Sok Bong – 4th Dan, 84 moves
Chung Hae – 5th Dan, 95 moves
Jhang Soo – 6th Dan, 96 moves
Chul Joon – 7th Dan, 97 moves
Jeong Seung – 8th Dan, 98 moves
Planet Taekwondo Federation Types (Poomsae): These kinds are a lot less combat-orientated and much more geared in direction of preparing students for athletics and sparring, with more upright stances rather than minimal types.
Color Belt Entire world Taekwondo Federation Varieties (Poomsae):
Taegeuk Il Jang – A basic going for walks stance poomsae, that means “the sky”, from which all starts, symbolizing the commencing of training in Taekwondo.
Taegeuk Ee Jang – A a lot more entrance-stance centered poomsae this means “lake”, as actions really should be fluid yet company.
Taegeuk Sam Jang – Which means “hearth”, this poomsae really should be performed with burning enthusiasm and bursts of energy.
Taegeuk Sa Jang – Meaning “thunder”, this poomsae is practiced with delight and with dignity.
Taegeuk Oh Jang – Which means “wind”, as it is both equally powerful and gentle.
Taegeuk Yook Jang – Which means “drinking water”, as it is fluid and mild, but also persistent.
Taegeuk Chil Jang – Symbolizing the mountain, this form is pointed out for its balance, solidity, and immobility.
Taegeuk Pal Jang – The earth stance, as it has all of the others, and is the foundation for the upcoming black belt types.
Entire world Taekwondo Federation Black Belt Kinds (poomsae):
Koryo – 1st Dan, named just after the dynasty from which the phrase “Korea” will come.
Keumgang – 2nd Dan, meaning diamonds, which are as well strong and tough to be damaged.
Taebaek – 3rd Dan, referring to the “dazzling mountains” from which the famous founder of Korea is considered to have ruled the country.
Pyongwon – 4th Dan, referring to a grand, extensive simple.
Sipjin – 5th Dan, that means longevity, and referring to continuous growth and improvement.
Jitae – 6th Dan, this poomsae refers to the earth, and the fantastic ability inside it, as relevant to the fantastic electric power within just the human muscles.
Cheonkwon – 7th Dan, referring to the sky and the majesty and awe it evokes within just males, forcing them to strive at any time upwards.
Hansoo – 8th Dan, symbolizes the fluidity and adaptability of h2o, from which Taekwondo will get its strength.
Ilyeo – 9th Dan, refers to the Buddhist notion of oneness amongst brain and entire body.